Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is an important pulse crop mostly consumed in Asia. It was domesticated as a part of the evolution of agriculture at Neolithic period. The progenitor wild relative for domesticated chickpea is Cicer reticulatum L. Its distribution is restricted in south-east Turkey. Both the domesticated and the wild species are interfertile. The wild species is resistant to many diseases and more tolerant to abiotic stresses. It is, therefore, a natural resource for the resistant alleles and are being used as the contributor of resistance alleles in the breeding programs. Sequencing of C. reticulatum genome would certainly be helpful in the discovery of resistant genes and chickpea breeding progams.